Several studies including O’Brien (2009) and Ghotra et al. (2002) have found that fat is important in bakery products as it provides tenderness and improves overall texture, mouthfeel, heat transfer, extension of shelf life, lubrication, and structural integrity. This is supported by Zhou et al. (20...
Prepared by: Nursabrina Binti Mohd Hayat @ Ahmad
Palm Oil in Cosmetics and Personal Care Products Oleochemicals refer to chemicals, derived from oils and fats, which have been broken down into their constituent fatty acids and glycerol. These products can be further modified to produce various types of oleo-derivatives. Thus, oleochemicals are oft...
Very likely to use substitutes that contribute to higher land and environmental impact compared to certified sustainable palm oil.
Prepared by : Sarafhana
Prepared by: Areej Taufik