KUALA LUMPUR: Consensus estimates for the crude palm oil (CPO) prices this year indicate that they could touch the RM3,000 per tonne level, if not higher, as industry thought leaders tracked effects of the dry spell and biodiesel demands.
Godrej International Ltd director Dorab Mistry said weather held the key for palm oil prices this year and that the lack of rainfall next week would be crucial to revising price estimates going forward.
“If the weather improves and rains come by next week, it will not alter the price outlook to June 2014,” he said when presenting his paper on the second day of the Palm and Lauric Oils Conference and Exhibition 2014.
With normal rainfall when the oil palm high cycle begun in July, prices could trade between RM2,600 to RM2,900 per tonne, he said.
However, if an El Nino developed, CPO futures would cling to RM3,000 beyond June, he added. “Production is likely to be affected from late 2014 onwards and we may be looking at RM3,500 per tonne.”
Subsequently, in that scenario, Mistry noted that Indonesia would find it difficult to implement its biodiesel mandate while biodiesel producers who had committed large volumes at current formula-based pricing might find themselves in a tight spot.
LMC International Ltd chairman Dr James Fry, who also presented a paper at the conference, estimated CPO futures to trade just above RM3,000 mid-year while the EU CPO price should reach US$1,030 if Brent Crude stayed at US$110 per barrel.
ISTA Mielke GmbH Oil World executive director Thomas Mielke forecast CPO prices to average US$970 (RM3,177) a tonne in 2014, 14% higher than last year’s average.
With a price rally going on currently, he believes there is little potential upside left from the current high levels but “prices in Rotterdam could still touch or slightly exceed US$1,000 in the next four to eight weeks if palm oil-planting regions got the required rainfall.
“Assuming rain in the coming weeks (in Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand), I see a limited upside,” he said in his presentation.
Rabobank International’s forecast for the 12-month CPO average price was RM2,800 per tonne. Its projection for the second quarter of 2013 was higher at RM3,000 per tonne due to a shortage of soybean oil production in South America. It said the price was expected to dip in the second half of the year.
Global head of financial markets research Jan Lambregts told StarBiz commodity prices were generally supported by world economic events, in particular the (US Federal Reserve) quantitative easing (QE) tapering.
“If the US Fed is driven by a better economy domestically and to some extent globally, interest rates will rise and that means there is room for equities to go up. Hence commodities will be underpinned as there is reasonable global growth,” Lambregts said.
He noted that while the 12-month outlook on commodities was always based on weather conditions, his longer term outlook was very positive.
Fry said the drought would cut South-East Asia’s CPO output in the third quarter, with a further adverse impact at the end of 2014.
Mistry’s output estimate for Malaysian CPO is 19.5 million to 19.7 million tonnes for 2014, if the drought ends next week.
Meanwhile Reuters reported that palm oil futures are set to climb for a second year, driven by crop damaging dry weather and Indonesia’s higher biodiesel mandate, although bumper global oilseed supplies and weak demand from key consumers could cap gains.
The next three weeks are crucial for the outlook on palm oil output, traders and analysts at a three-day industry conference in Kuala Lumpur said. If dryness continues to plague oil palm plantations in top producers Indonesia and Malaysia, it would reduce yields of fresh fruit bunches.
Benchmark Malaysian palm oil prices hit a 17-month top of 2,868 ringgit ($880) per tonne on Wednesday, extending gains of almost 10 percent in February – the biggest monthly rise since October 2013.
“In the event that an El Nino develops, I believe crude palm oil futures will cling to 3,000 ringgit beyond June,” leading vegetable oil analyst Dorab Mistry said at the conference.
The El Nino weather pattern usually results in below-average rainfall in the main palm oil producers, cutting yields and pushing up global prices.
“Production is likely to be affected from late 2014 onwards and we may be staring at 3,500 ringgit,” said Mistry, who heads the vegetable oil trading arm at India’s Godrej Industries . Palm prices last exceeded this level in April 2012.
But at such high prices, demand could shift to rival edible oils of which there is ample supply, traders and analysts said.
“If palm oil gets too ‘greedy’, we will see more importers switching to sun, soy and canola oils,” James Fry said, capping prices at 3,000 ringgit by the middle of 2014.
HIGH PRICES TO HIT DEMAND
Overseas purchases of palm oil by India, the world’s top importer of vegetable oils, are set to drop 6 percent in the year to October 2014, with buyers opting for rival soybean oil as the price spread between the two narrows, traders said.
Palm oil usually trades at a discount of $100 to $150 a tonne to soybean oil, but last month’s rally in Malaysian futures has tightened the spread.
Palm oil imports by China, the world’s No.2 edible oil buyer, could also take a hit in the coming months as stockpiles at its major ports have risen to near record highs of around 1.2 million tonnes.
While Mistry expects Indonesia’s biodiesel mandate to be a “game changer” that will keep palm oil prices relatively high for a long time, Fadhil Hassan – executive director of the Indonesian Palm Oil Association – said the rally in palm prices may curb the country’s use of the tropical oil for blending.
Jakarta’s energy ministry has raised the minimum bio content in diesel to 10 percent, up from levels of 3-10 percent. For the power industry, the minimum has been doubled to 20 percent.
But the country is likely to use only 2 million tonnes of palm oil for blending into biodiesel in 2014, 41 percent short of its target of 3.4 million, Hassan said.
The weak demand for palm oil comes at a time when global oilseed supplies are expected to rise.
Output of rival soyoil should see a spike, with Brazil headed for a record soybean crop of 90 million tonnes, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, up from 82 million a year ago. Argentina’s soybean output is seen climbing to 54 million tonnes this year, compared with 49.3 million tonnes in 2013.
NEXT THREE WEEKS EYED
Several traders at the conference said the global supply and demand fundamentals could cap the rally in palm prices.
If rains come as normal and the high production cycle kicks in from July, palm can trade between 2,600 and 2,900 ringgit over July to October, Mistry said.
Benchmark prices of the tropical oil have risen almost 7 percent this year and are currently at above 2,830 ringgit.
“If it stays dry for another 2-3 weeks, oil palm will react and yields will decline in October-December this year and in the following two years,” said Thomas Mielke, editor of Hamburg-based newsletter Oil World.
“Such a scenario would trigger higher-than-forecast prices.” ($1 = 3.2750 Malaysian ringgit)
Source : The Star