Algerian Confectionery Sector; A Promising Market for Malaysian Palm-Based Fats

1. Introduction

Algeria is a leading market with a population reaching over 44 million. Located in Northern Africa, it is positioned at the point of convergence of three worlds: Mediterranean, Arabic, and African, Algeria holds a strategic geographical position. Led by the oil and gas sector, the Algerian economy expanded by 3.9% year-on-year during the first nine months of 2021, after contracting by 5.5% in 2020. The recovery in hydrocarbon output was driven by surging European gas demand and easing OPEC production quotas.

Today, Algeria is the third-largest economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) zone. Food accounts for an average of 42% of Algerian household spending. Among food products, the largest market segment is confectionery and snacks, with a market volume estimated to reach US$15.76m in 2022. Revenue is projected to show an annual growth rate (CAGR 2022-2025) of 22.24%, resulting in a projected market volume of US$28.79m by 2025. In this sector, the number of users is expected to amount to 2.1m users by 2025. User penetration will be 3.6% in 2022 and is expected to hit 4.4% by 2025. The average revenue per user (ARPU) is expected to amount to US$9.69.

2. Oils and Fats Market Situation

Algeria is a liquid oil market, dominated by soybean oil. Several reasons contributed to the huge increase in soybean oil imports, including the competitive price of soybean oil in the local market since soybean oil is exempted from customs duties and VAT and the government also subsidizes cooking oils produced from soybean oil.

While soybean is the dominant oil in the liquid oil market, palm oil is in a particularly superb position for the remaining 20% of the market (Margarine 13%, biscuits & cheese 3% & vegetable ghee 2.7%). The vegetable ghee market is already dominated by palm oil, almost all the vegetable ghee (around 30,000 MT) produced in Algeria is palm-based. Though it is tough to penetrate the liquid oil market due to dominance of the soybean oil as the preferred oil for the consumer, there is still a window for palm olein to get some share in industrial frying.

Algerian oilseed cultivation is not well developed, because of former agricultural policies. Algeria’s production of soybean oil is growing significantly since 2019, it tremendously increased in 2020 and 2021 compared to 2019. Soybean is currently the most produced oil with its share stood 69%, followed by olive oil at 28.9%.

Source: Oil World 2021

Most of the commercialized oil is produced domestically from imported crude oils and refined locally by two main refineries namely, Enterprise National des Corps Gras (ENCG) and Cevital Group). Self-sufficiency is still far away. However, Algeria is expanding the crushing of soybean and already managed to reduce the imports of soybean oil, this resulted in the reduction of the overall imports in oils and fats starting 2020.  

In 2021, total imports of oils and fats amounted to 910,000 tonnes, soybean oil was the major oil accounting for 77% of the total imports, followed by palm oil 17.3%, and sunflower oil stood at 2.2%.

Source: Oil World 2021

In 2021, total consumption in Algeria stood at 1.06 Mn tonnes, soybean is the major oil consumed amounted 760,000 tonnes, accounting for 71.2% of the total oils & fats consumption, followed by palm oil 14.8%, olive oil 7.8%, and sunflower 3%. Algeria’s per capita consumption slightly decreased to 23.9 kg per annum in 2021 compared to 24.4 kg per annum in 2020.

Source: Oil World 2021

3. Malaysian Palm Oil Performance

Total MPO export to Algeria in 2021 amounted to 65,647, this represents an increase of 18% compared to exports in 2020. In 2021, palm oil is the highest exported product representing around 39% among which HRBD palm oil is the highest one amounting to 10,868 tonnes, RBD palm oil recorded at 6,058 tonnes, and RBD palm stearin 5,359 tonnes, followed by finished products with the share of 31% whereas veg. fat is the highest recorded at 12,283, palm kernel share stood at 26% and oleochemicals share is 4%.

Table 3: Malaysia Export to Algeria by product (Tonnes)
Product 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017
PALM OIL 25,657 17,016 34,661 28,903 29,976
PALM KERNEL OIL 17,224 15,480 17,261 10,643 14,191
OLEOCHEMICALS 2,462 6,042 8,166 8,009 3,606
FINISHED PRODUCTS 20,305 17,163 23,078 15,327 6,951
Total 65,647 55,701 83,166 62,882 54,725

Source: MPOB

4. Import Duties

Algeria has a favorable import duty and VAT system for soybean oil and seeds, both are exempted from duties and VAT since 2011.  All other oils are subjected to 19% VAT. Crude sunflower oil imports duties for food use are 5%, non-food is 15% whereas refined sunflower oil is subjected to 30%. Palm oil whether crude or refined is subjected to 5% for food uses while 30% for other than food uses. It is observed that only fats with H.S. 1517 are subjected to low import duties at 5%, whereas others are subjected to 30%.

Table 8: Import Duties
Oil type/ import duties Crude % others %
Food Others Import Duty VAT
Import Duty VAT Import Duty VAT
Soybean oil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sunflower oil 5 19 15 19 30 19
 
Oil Type/ import duties Crude % others %
Food Others Food Others
Import Duty VAT Import Duty VAT Import Duty VAT Import Duty VAT
Palm oil 5 19 15 19 5 19 30 19

Source: Local Authority/Importers

5. Margarine Sector

Margarine is very popular in Algeria among consumers and food processors. It is also leading the sales in its category compared to butter and cooking fats for the past six years and it is forecasted to continue to lead and grow until 2025. The main reason is the affordability of the margarine compared to the expensive butter (tentatively 5X the margarine price) for most Algerian consumers since they are price sensitive. Two types of margarine are widely produced in Algeria, table margarine which is used in pastry and cooking, and puff pastry margarine used in confectionery and snacks. The total margarine production in Algeria stood at around 140,000 tonnes per year, the palm-based margarine constitutes 70%-75 of the market share.  Most of the margarine in Algeria is hydrogenated and recently there is a shift towards the non-hydrogenated margarine made by some producers such as Cevital, La belle, and Mateg. Currently, manufacturers use hydrogenated soybean oil or palm oil for margarine production.

Table 1: Margarine Production
Product Quantities (MT) Palm-based
     
Table Margarine 90,000 70%
Puff Pastry Margarine 50,000 75%
Total 140,000

Source local manufacturer/trader     

Table 2: Margarine Production
Product Hydrogenated (MT) Trans free (MT)
Table Margarine 75,000 15,000
Puff Pastry Margarine 35,000 15,000
Total 110,000 30,000

 Source local manufacturer/trader

6. Conclusion

Food accounts for an average of 42% of Algerian household spending. Among food products, the largest market segment is confectionery and snacks. Palm oil is in a superb position due to the huge and increased demand for palm-based fats for the manufacturing of shortening and margarine to cater to the developing confectionery market. Apart from that, some other applications of palm oil can be explored such as cheese production which started to emerge in the market.

Prepared by Lamyaa El Enany 

*Disclaimer: This document has been prepared based on information from sources believed to be reliable but we do not make any representations as to its accuracy. This document is for information only and opinion expressed may be subject to change without notice and we will not accept any responsibility and shall not be held responsible for any loss or damage arising from or in respect of any use or misuse or reliance on the contents. We reserve our right to delete or edit any information on this site at any time at our absolute discretion without giving any prior notice.

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