The oil palm produces two types of oils; crude palm oil (CPO) from the fibrous mesocarpand crude palm kernel oil (CPKO) from the kernels. Although both oils originate from the same fruit, palm oil is chemically and nutritionally different from palm kernel oil. It is one of the only two mesocarp oils available commercially, the other being olive oil.
In conventional milling process, the FFB’s are steriliszed and the fruitlets stripped off. The loose fruitlets are then digested and pressed to extract the CPO. The kernels are separated from the fibrous mesocarp in the press cake and later cracked to obtained CPKO.
Chemical Composition Of Palm Oil
Crude Palm Oil is the richest natural source of Tocotrienols. The Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) has developed a special patented technology for extraction. The latest technology to purify Tocotrienols from the fruits of oil palm (Elais guineensis) was developed to produce a superior quality and purity.
What Are Tocotrienols
Tocotrienols are members of the Vitamin E family comprising of Tocotrienols and Tocopherols. Tocotrienols differ from Tocopherols in that they contain three double bonds in the side chain (see molecular structure). Tocotrienols’ isoprenoid side chain has three double bonds as compared to Tocopherols’ saturated side chain. In total, there are four types of Tocopherols, namely alpha, beta, gamma, and delta and four corresponding of Tocotrienols isomers.
Tocotrienols are 40-60 times more potent than Tocopherols making it one of the most powerful lipid soluble antioxidants available. Among vegetable oils, palm oil is the richest natural source of Tocotrienols. Tocotrienols are surprisingly not found in any other vegetable oils like soybean oil, canola oil, rapeseed oil, and sunflower oil. Tocotrienols can be found naturally but in much lesser quantities in rice bran, barley, wheat germ, and oats.
Palm Tocotrienols complex contains significant amount of D-Alpha-Tocopherol, D-Alpha-Tocotrienol, D-Gamma-Tocotrienol and D-Delta-Tocotrienol as compared to most other naturally found Vitamin E, which are mostly Tocopherols.